The Ultimate Fertility Glossary

Diving into the world of fertility can be a little overwhelming. Introducing to you the ultimate guide to understanding fertility lingo online and offline.

Bringing light to complex fertility terms

Maybe you are trying to get pregnant, maybe you are just curious about your body. One day you find yourself on a message board with hundreds of women going through the same things you are. GREAT! Except…what exactly are they saying? Talking about 2WW and BFNs and you have no idea what’s going on.

You shouldn’t need a medical degree to understand fertility!

Dr. Alexander Just, Gynecologist, expert in female reproductive
science, co-founder and medical director at ivary.

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AF: Aunt Flo, After Flo

Aunt Flo (AF) refers to your period or menstrual cycle

AH: Assisted Hatching

Assisted Hatching (AH) is a process to help implantation during IVF

AI: Artificial/Assisted Insemination

During Artificial Insemination (AI) a doctor inserts sperm directly into a woman’s cervix, fallopian tubes, or uterus

AMH: anti-Mullerian Hormone

The anti-Mullerian Hormone (AMH) is a marker to determine Ovarian Reserve

AO: Anovulatory

Anovulatory (AO) means that no ovulation is occurring

ART: Assisted Reproductive Technology

Assisted reproductive technology (ART) is used to achieve pregnancy in procedures such as IVF, fertility medication, or surrogacy

ASA: Anti-sperm Antibody

Anti-sperm antibodies (ASA) are proteins that damage or kill sperm, present in blood, vaginal fluids or semen


BBT: Basal Body Temperature

The basal body temperature (BBT) is the lowest body temperature reached during rest or sleep

BCP: Birth Control Pills

Birth control pills (BCP) are hormonal pills that suppress ovulation to avoid pregnancy

BD: Baby Dance

Baby Dance (BD) refers to sex

Beta: HCG pregnancy test

An HCG pregnancy test (Beta) tests for Human Chorionic Gonadotropin in urine for early pregnancy detection

BFN: Big Fat Negative

Big fat negative (BFN) refers to a negative pregnancy test outcome

BFP: Big Fat Positive

Big fat positive (BFP) refers to a positive pregnancy test outcome

BMS: Baby Making Sex


B/W: Bloodwork

Bloodwork (B/W) refers to the analysis of blood by a laboratory


CB: Cycle Buddy

Cycle buddies (CB) are women who share their infertility treatment cycle and act as a support system

CD: Cycle Day

Cycle day (CD) is the day of your menstrual cycle you are on

CH: Crosshairs

Crosshairs (CH) are the lines drawn on an ovulation tracking chart to indicate ovulation

CM: Cervical Mucus, Cervical Fluid

Cervical mucus (CM) is a fluid produced by your cervix as you approach ovulation due to increased estrogen

CNM: Certified Nurse Midwife

A certified nurse midwife (CNM) is a certified healthcare professional specialized in woman’s reproductive health and child birth

COH: Controlled Ovarian Hyperstimulation

Controlled ovarian hyperstimulation (COH) is a process in which the ovaries are stimulated by fertility medication to produce ovulatory follicles

CS: Caesarean Section

A surgical operation for delivering a child by opening up the wall of the mother’s abdomen.


DE: Donor Eggs

Donor eggs (DE) are egg cells donated by a third party for IVF treatment

DH, DW: Dear Husband, Dear Wife

Acronym referring to someone’s husband/wife

DD, DS: Dear Daughter, Dear Son

Acronym referring to someone’s son/daughter

DIPI: Direct Intra-peritoneal Insemination

Direct intra-peritoneal insemination (DIPI) is a form of artificial insemination in which sperm is injected into the peritoneal cavity

DOR: Diminished Ovarian Reserve

Diminished ovarian reserve (DOR) is a state of low ovarian reserve, usually determined by low AMH value

DPO: Days Post-Ovulation

Days post-ovulation (DPO) is the anumber of days that have passed since ovulation

DPR: Days Post-Retrieval

Days post-retrieval (DPR) is a method used to count the number of days that have passed after a woman’s eggs are retrieved for IVF

DPT: Days Post-Transfer

Days post-transfer are the number of days that have passed since transfer of embryo during IVF process

DP3DT: Days Post 3-Day Transfer

The days post 3-day transfer (DP3DT) are the number of days that have passed since the embryo was implanted on the 3rd day during IVF

DP5DT: Days Post 5-Day Transfer

The days post 5-day transfer (DP5DT) are the number of days that have passed since the embryo was implanted on the 5th day during IVF

Dx: Diagnosis

A diagnosis (Dx) refers to identifying the nature of an illness or disease by the examination of symptoms


E2: Estradiol

Estradiol (E2) is the natural form of estrogen that is particularly produced within follicles of the ovaries

EB, EMB: Endometrial Biopsy

An endometrial biopsy (EB) takes a sample of uterine tissue to help determine the cause of abnormal uterine bleeding or evaluate the cause of infertility

EDD: Estimated Due Date

An estimated due date (EDD) is the date when a child is to be expected to be born naturally

ENDO: Endometriosis

Endometriosis (ENDO) is a condition in which the endometrium, the layer of tissue that covers the inside of the uterus, grows outside of it. This condition can also be a reason for infertility

EPT: Early Pregnancy Test

An early result pregnancy test (EPT) is a hyper-sensitive test that can be taken up to ~6 days before missing your period

ER: Egg Retrieval

Egg retrieval (ER) is a procedure to extract oocytes from the ovaries

ET: Egg Transfer

Egg transfer (ET) is a procedure to reimplant the egg cell into the uterus of a woman to establish a pregnancy

ETA: Embryo Toxicity Assay

Embryo Toxicity Assay (ETA) is a test to determine a woman’s production of embryo toxicity factor (ETF)

ETF: Embryo Toxicity Factor

If the embryo toxicity factor (ETF) is in excess, the immune system might attack embryo and lead to miscarriage


FBG: Fasting Blood Glucose

Fasting blood glucose (FBG) are the glucose (sugar) levels in a blood sample taken after a patient fasts for at least 8 hours

FI: Fasting Insulin

Fasting Insulin (FI) are the insulin levels in a blood sample taken after a patient fasts for at least 8 hours

FF: Fertility Friend

Fertility Friend (FF) is a popular fertility tracking app, which can be found here

FHR: Fetal Heart Rate

The fetal heart rate (FHR) measures the heart rate of a fetus sonographically

FP: Follicular Phase

The follicular phase (FP) is the phase of the menstrual cycle when follicles in the ovaries mature. It ends with ovulation

FM: Fertility Mucus or Fertility Monitor

Fertility mucus (FM) changes consistency and composition in the lead up to ovulation. This is why cervical mucus can be used to monitor fertility phases. See CM

Frostie: Frozen Embryo

Frozen embryos (Frosite) are embryos retrieved and stored during an IVF cycle.

FSH: Follicle-Stimulating Hormone

Follicle-Stimulating Hormone is a hormone secreted by the anterior pituitary gland which promotes the formation of ova or sperm and plays an essential role in the menstrual cycle

FTTA: Fertile Thoughts to All



GD: Gestational Diabetes

Gestational diabetes (GD) is a type of diabetes that develops during pregnancy. Gestational diabetes causes high blood sugar that can affect pregnancy and a fetus’ health

GI: Gastrointestinal


GIFT: Gamete Intrafallopian Transfer

Gamete Intrafallopian Transfer (GIFT) is ART in which sperm and egg are mixed and then placed directly in fallopian tube

GnRH: Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone

Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone (GnRH) is a hormone secreted by the hypothalamus that stimulates the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland to release gonadotropins (such as luteinizing hormone and follicle-stimulating hormone)

GP: General Practitioner

A general practicioner (GP) is a doctor in a community to treat patients with minor or chronic illnesses

GTT: Glucose Tolerance Test

Glucose tolerance test (GTT), also referred to as the Oral Glucose Tolerance Test (OGTT), is a method which can help to diagnose instances of diabetes mellitus or insulin resistance


HCG: Human Chorionic Gonadotropin

Human Chorionic Gonadotropin (HCG) is a hormone produced by the placenta after implantation occurs. It is used to see whether a woman is pregnant

HMG: Human Menopausal Gonadotropin

Human Menopausal Gonadotropin (HMG) is a mixture of FSH and LH. It is used to induce ovulation in women with several conditions, such as PCOS and Endometriosis

HCP: Health Care Practitioner


HPT: Home Pregnancy Test


HRT: Hormone Replacement Therapy

Hormone replacement therapy (HRT) is a treatment used to relieve symptoms of menopause. It replaces hormones that are at a lower level as menopause is approached

HSC: Hysteroscopy

Hysteroscopy is a procedure used to examine the inside of a woman’s uterus

HSG: Hysterosalpingogram

Hysterosalpingogram (HSG) is a test to show if fallopian tubes are blocked

HX: History



ICI: Intra-cervical Insemination

Intra-cervical insemination (ICI) is a common type of artificial insemination, in which the sperm is placed near the cervix instead of in the uterus

ICSI: Intra-cytoplasmatic Sperm Injection

Infertility (IF) refers to a disease of the reproductive system defined by the failure to achieve a clinical pregnancy after 12 months or more of regular unprotected sexual intercourse

IGTT: Insulin and Glucose Tolerance Test

Insulin and glucose tolerance test (IGTT) is a test in which blood sugar levels are measured before and after consuming a sugary drink. This can help in diagnosing diabetes and insulin resistance

IM: Intramuscular injections

Intramuscular injections (IM) injections that are done straight into the muscle, which helps absorb medicine quickly

INCIID: International Council on Infertility Information Dissemination

The International Council on Infertility Information Dissemination (INCIID) is an international organization that helps people understand infertility and their options for having a family

IOR: Immature Oocyte Retrieval

During immature oocyte retrieval (IOR), egg cells are taken out of the mother’s ovaries before they are fully developed and are then put into a glass outside the body for maturing

IR: Insulin Resistant

Insulin resistance (IR) refers to a condition in which cells in the body don’t respond normally to insulin, which leads to overly high blood sugar levels

ITI: Intra-tubal Insemination

Intra-tubal insemination (ITI) is a less common method of ART. It is a technique in which sperm is placed into the fallopian tubes

IUGR: Intra-uterine Growth Retardation

Intra-uterine growth retardation (IUGR) is a condition in which an unborn baby is not growing at a typical rate and is therefore smaller than it should be

IUI: Intra-uterine Insemination

Intra-uterine Insemination (IUI) is a less invasive form of ART in which sperm are placed inside the uterus.

IVC, INVO: Intra-vaginal Culture

Intra-vaginal culture (IVC)  is a treatment in which the fertilization and embryo development take place in an air-free tube that is placed in the mother’s vagina, held by a diaphragm. After a period of about 2-3 days, the embryos are then placed in the mother’s uterus.

IVF/ET: In Vitro Fertilization and Embryo Transfer

In vitro fertilization and embryo transfer (IVF/ET) is the final step of the IVF process, in which the embryo is transferred to the uterus.

IVF: In Vitro Fertilization

In vitro fertilization (IVF) is a form of ART in which eggs are extracted and combined with sperm in the lab; the resulting embryo is then transferred to the uterus

IVIg: Intravenous Immunoglobulin

Intravenous Immunoglobulin (IVIg) are antibodies injected in order to treat various health conditions


LAD: Leukocyte Antibody Detection Assay

Leukocyte antibody detection assay is a test that measures physiologic response to pregnancy; women with lower results may be more likely to experience pregnancy loss

LAP: Laparoscopy

A laparoscopy (LAP) is a surgical procedure for examining the organs within the abdomen

LH: Luteinizing Hormone

The Luteinizing Hormone is a hormone produced in the anterior pituitary gland that regulates ovarian function

LIT: Leukocyte Immunization Therapy

Leukocyte immunization therapy (LIT) is a procedure where white blood cells from the male partner are injected into the skin of the female partner, to ready the female immune system for the pregnancy

LMP: Last Menstrual Period

Last menstrual period (LMP) refers to the start date of your most recent period

LP: Luteal-Phase

The luteal phase is the latter phase of the menstrual cycle

LPD: Luteal-Phase Defect

Luteal-phase defect (LPD) refers to the luteal phase being shorter than normal and is believed to interfere with implantation of embryos

LSP: Low Sperm Count

Low sperm count (LSP) is a condition in which sperm count is lower than 15 million sperm per milliliter of semen

LUF, LUFS: Luteinized Unruptured Follicle Syndrome

Luteinized unruptured follicle syndrome (LUF) is also known as “trapped egg syndrome”. It is a condition in which an egg matures within the ovary but does not get released


MAI: Miscarriage after Infertility


MC, misc.: Miscarriage

A Miscarriage (MC, misc.) is a spontaneous expulsion of a human fetus before it is viable (especially between the 12th and 28th weeks of pregnancy)

MESA: Microsurgical Epidiymal Sperm Aspiration

Microsurgical Epidiymal Sperm Aspiration (MESA) is a retrieval procedure of sperm from the epididymal (a convoluted tube situated along the posterior margin of each testis, in which spermatozoa are stored and conveyed to the vas deferens) by using microsurgical techniques

MF: Male Factor

Male Factor (MF) is the factor of infertility related to men’s condition

MMR: Measles-Mumps-Rubella Vaccine

The Measles-Mumps-Rubella vaccine (MMR)is an immunization vaccine against measles, mumps, and rubella (also known as the German measles)

MRI: Magnetic Resonance Imaging

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a method of obtaining real-time, three-dimensional images of body organs, muscles, and joints without invasive surgery, using radio-frequency (RF) waves and intense magnetic field


NK: Natural Killer Cells

Natural killer cells (NK cells, K cells, or killer cells) are a type of white blood cell (lymphocyte) that play a major role in the host-rejection of both tumorous and virally infected cells

NORIF: Non-stimulated Oocyte Retrieval In (office) Fertilization

Non-stimulated oocyte retrievel refers to “natural cycle” IVF treatment. In this type of IVF, a woman’s egg cells are not stimulated by hormones to grow, but the procedure is timed with the ovulation cycle to collect a woman’s natural grown egg. Therefore, only one mature egg can be gathered, compared to multiple grown egg cells after stimulation.

NP: Nurse Practitioner

A Nurse Practitioner (NP), is a nurse who is qualified to assume some of the responsibilities and duties formerly only assumed by physicians (doctors)

NSA: Non-Surgical Sperm Aspiration

Non-surgical sperm aspiration (NSA), is a medical procedure to quickly and easily obtain sperm (for use in IVF procedures, for example) from men who cannot ejaculate or in men who have no sperm in their semen


O, OV: Ovulation

Ovulation (O, OV) is a natural phenomenon experienced by women, which consists in the release of an egg from one of their ovaries. After this egg is released, it travels down the fallopian tube, where fertilization by a sperm cell is possible

OB: Obstetrician

An obstetrician (OB) is a doctor, physician or surgeon qualified to practice in obstetrics: the field concentrated on pregnancy, childbirth, and women’s reproductive system.

OB/GYN: Obstetrician/Gynecologist

See OB

OC: Oral Contraceptives

Oral contraceptive (OR), is a birth control drug/pill taken by mouth, which prevents the ovary from releasing an egg for fertilization

OD: Ovum Donor

A ovum donor (OD) is a fertile woman which provides one or several eggs to another infertile woman for purposes of assisted reproduction

OD: Ovulatory Dysfunction

Ovulatory Dysfunction (OD), is a term that groups conditions preventing the process of ovulation, more precisely when the ovulation process is abnormal, irregular (oligovulation) or simply absent (anovulation)

OHSS: Ovarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome

The ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) is a serious complication of ovarian stimulation. The growth of too many egg cells may lead to enlarged ovaries and electrolyte imbalances

OPK/OPT: Ovulation Predictor Kit/Test

Ovulation predictor kits (OPKs), are devices made to help women identify their fertile window. OPKs are also known as ovulation tests

OTC: Over the Counter

Over the counter medicine (OTC), also known as nonprescription medicine refer to medicine that you can buy without a prescription


P4. Prog: Progesterone

Progesterone (P4.Prog) is a sex hormone involved in the menstrual cycle, pregnancy, and embryogenesis

PA: Physician’s Assistant

A physician’s assistant is a healthcare professional who works under the supervision of a doctor

PAI-1: Plasminogen Activator Inhibitor-1

Plasminogen Activator Inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) refers to a proteine that plays a role in blood clotting

PAF: Pregnancy After Infertility

Pregnancy after infertility (PAF) is a pregnancy that occurs after infertility has been diagnosed, see PI

PCO: Polycistic Ovaries

Polycystic ovaries (PCO) are ovaries that contain many fluid-filled sacs (cysts)

PCOD: Polycystic Ovarian Disease


PCOS: Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome

Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) refers to a set of symptoms due to elevated androgens (male hormones) in females. Signs and symptoms include polycystic ovaries, irregular or no menstrual periods, excess body and facial hair, acne, and difficulty getting pregnant

PCP: Primary Care Physician

A Primary Care Physician (PCP) is a general medicine doctor

PCT: Post Coital Test

A post coital test (PCT) refers to the investigation of the interaction between sperm and cervical mucus shortly (about 2 hours) after intercourse

PESA: Percutaneous Epididymal Sperm Aspiration

Percutaneous Epididymal Sperm Aspiration (PESA) refers to gathering of sperm from the testicle via a needle

PG: Pregnant


PGD: Pre-implantation Genetic Diagnosis

Pre-implantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) is used in ART: Genetic screening before placing the fertilized egg into the female body

PI: Primary Infertility

Primary infertility (PI) occurs when a couple has not become pregnant after at least 1 year having sex without using birth control methods

PID: Pelvic Inflammatory Disease

Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) refers to an infection of the female reproductive organs

PLI: Paternal Leukocyte Immunization

During paternal leukocyte immunization (PLI) white blood cells from the father are injected into the skin of the mother to prepare the maternal immune system for pregnancy

PMS: Pre-menstrual Syndrome

Pre-menstrual syndrome (PMS) describes physical and psychological symptoms 1-2 weeks before menstruation such as acne, tender breasts, bloating, tiredness, irritability, mood changes

PMN: Perinatal Mortality

Perinatal mortality (PMN) refers to the number of stillbirths and deaths in the first week of life per 1,000 total births (starting at 22 completed weeks of gestation)

POAS: Pee On A Stick

Pee on a stick (POAS) is a home pregnancy test

POC: Products of Conception

Products of conception (POC) refers to the tissue which develops during pregnancy

POF: Premature Ovarian Failure

Premature ovarian failure (POF) is a previously used term for Premature Ovarian Insufficiency, see POI

POI: Premature Ovarian Insufficiency

Premature Ovarian Insufficiency refers to the occurence of Menopause before the age of 40. Women experience symptoms of menopause and are diagnosed when they have stopped having their period for over 4 months and show high FSH (> 40 IU/L) and low estradiol (< 50 pmol/L) in their lab results.

PROM: Premature Rupture of Membranes

Premature rupture of membranes (PROM) is the breaking of the mother’s water earlier than 1 hour before the onset of labor

PTSD: Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a mental health disorder after a traumatzing event

PZD: Partial Zona Dissection

Partial Zona Dissection (PZD) refers to the opening of the egg shell to allow easier sperm entrance


RE: Reproductive Endocrinologist

Reproductive Endocrinologists (RE) evaluate and treat hormonal dysfunctions

R-hFSH: Recombinant Human Follicle Stimulating Hormone

Recombinant Human Follicle Stimulating Hormone (r-hFSH) is used to stimulate ovaries

RI: Reproductive Immunologist

Reproductive Immunologist (RI) is a doctor who specializes in the effect of immune cells on fertility

RIP: Reproductive Immunophynotype

Reproductive Immunophenotype (RIP) is a test that measures the percentage of white blood cells, also known as lymphocytes in the blood stream. These are major cells in the immune system. Increased levels may indicate increased immune response against an implanting embryo

ROS: Reactive Oxygen Species

Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS) is a chemical substance containing oxygen

RPL: Recurrent Pregnancy Loss

Recurrent Pregnancy Loss (RPL) is classically defined as the occurrence of two or more consecutive pregnancy losses

RSM: Recurrent Spontaneous Abortion

Recurrent Spontaneous Abortion (RSM) is the consecutive natural death of an embryo or fetus before it is able to survive independently. Spontaneous Abortion is also known as Miscarriage and pregnancy loss

RX: Prescription

Prescription (RX) is an instruction written by a medical practitioner that authorizes a patient to be issued with a medicine or treatment


SA: Semen Analysis

Semen Analysis (SA) is also called “seminogram” evaluates certain characteristics of a male’s semen and the sperm contained therein. It is done to help evaluate male fertility, whether for those seeking pregnancy or verifying the success of vasectomy

SART: Society for Assisted Reproductive Technology

Society for Assisted Reproductive Technology (SART) is the primary organization of professionals dedicated to the practice of assisted reproductive technologies (ART) in the United States

S/B: Stillbirth

Stillbirth refers to the death or loss of a baby before or during delivery

SCORIF: Stimulated Cycle Oocyte Retrieval

Stimulated Cycle Oocyte Retrieval (SCORIF) is a technique used in in vitro fertilization in order to remove oocytes from the ovary of a woman, enabling fertilization outside the body

SHBG: Sex Hormone-Binding Globulin

Sex Hormone-Binding Globulin (SHBG) is a protein that connects to Testosterone and Estradiol in the blood stream and prohibits those hormones from acting

SHG: Sonohysterogram

A Sonohysterogram (SHG) is a special kind of ultrasound exam

SI: Secondary Infertility

Secondary Infertility (SI) is the inability to become pregnant or to carry a baby to term after previously giving birth to a baby

SLE: Systemic Lupus Erythematosus

Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE), also known simply as lupus, is an autoimmune disease in which the body’s immune system mistakenly attacks healthy tissue in many parts of the body

SPA: Sperm Penetration Assay

Sperm Penetration Assay (SPA), also known as the “hamster test,” is a lab test to predict the ability of a man’s sperm to fertilize a woman’s egg

SPALS: Subsequent Pregnancy After a Loss Support

Subsequent Pregnancy After Loss Support (SPALS) supports women who are struggling with a number of complicated and conflicting feelings when being pregnant again after a loss

S/S: Signs/Symptoms

Signs/Symptoms (S/S) are features describing a medical condition. Symptoms are noticed by the patient, for example pain. Signs on the other hand are discovered by the someone other than the individual during examination

STD: Sexually Transmitted Disease

Sexually Transmitted Disease (STD) refers to infections that are passed from one person to another through sexual contact

SubQ: Subcutaneous Injection

Subcutaneous Injection (SubQ) is a method of administering medication. Subcutaneous means under the skin

SUZI: Sub-zonal Insertion

Sub-zonal Insertion is an ART treatment in which the sperm is inserted between the outer layer of an egg (zona pellucida) and actual egg cell


T1: Type 1 Diabetic

Type 1 Diabetic (T1) refers to Juvenile Diabetes

T2: Type 2 Diabetic

Type 2 Diabetic (T2) refers to adult onset diabetes and insulin resistance

T4: Thyroxine

Thyroxine (T4) is a thyroid hormone that plays vital roles in regulating the body’s metabolic rate, heart and digestive functions, muscle control, brain development and maintenance of bones

TEBG: Testosterone-Estradiol Binding Globulin


TDI: Therapeutic Donor Insemination

Therapeutic Donor Insemination (TDI) refers to artificial insemination using donor sperm. Also: donor insemination (DI)

TESA: Testicular Sperm Aspiration

Testicular sperm aspiration is a surgical sperm harvesting technique used for retrieving sperm in patients with azoospermia (patients in which the semen does not contain any sperm)

TET: Tubal Embryo Transfer

During tubal embryo transfer (TET) eggs are taken from the woman, fertilized in the laboratory with her partner’s sperm and the resulting embryos are transferred back to her fallopian tubes 2 days after fertilization

TL: Tubal Ligation

Tubal ligation (TL) is a procedure in which a woman’s fallopian tubes are clamped and blocked or severed and sealed to prevent eggs from reaching the uterus for implantation

TORCH: Toxoplasmosis, Other, Rubella, Cytomegalovirus & Herpes Test

Toxoplasmosis, Other, Rubella, Cytomegalovirus & Herpes Test (TORCH) is a test to detect certain infectious diseases that can cause birth defects in a newborn

TR: Tubal Reversal

Tubal reversal (TR) is a procedure to reverse Tubal Ligation

TRH: Thyroid Releasing Hormone

Thyroid releasing hormone (TRH) is a hormone that stimulates the release of thyrotropin (thyroid-stimulating hormone or TSH)

TSH: Thyroid Stimulating Hormone

Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH) is produced by pituitary gland in your brain. This gland tells your thyroid to make and release the thyroid hormones into your blood

TTC: Trying To Conceive


TTCAR: Trying to Conceive After Reversal

Trying to Conceive After Reversal (TTCAR) refers to trying to conceive after tubal reversal

TX: Treatment


TZD: Thiazolidinediones

Thiazolidinediones (TZD) is a family of drugs used in the treatment of Type 2 diabetes


UR:  Urologist

Urologists (UR) diagnose, treat, and monitor disorders of the urinary tract and the external genital organs, which can include the kidneys, the ureters, the urethra, the bladder, and the prostate

US:  Ultrasound

Ultrasound (US) are sound waves with frequencies higher than the upper audible limit of human hearing. An ultrasound scan, sometimes called a sonogram, is a procedure that uses that uses ultraside to create an image of internal body parts

UTI:  Urinary Tract Infection

A urinary tract infection (UTI) is an infection in any part of your urinary system


V: Vasectomy

Vasectomy (V) refers to a surgical procedure for male sterilization or permanent contraception

VR: Vasectomy Reversal

Vasectomy reversal (VR) is a term used for surgical procedures that reconnect the male reproductive tract after interruption by a vasectomy


WBC: White Blood Cells

White blood cells (WBCs), also called leukocytes or leucocytes, are the cells of the immune system that are involved in protecting the body against both infectious disease and foreign invaders

WHR: Waist to Hip Ratio

The waist-to-hip ratio (WHR)  is used as a measurement of obesity, which in turn is a possible indicator of other more serious health conditions

WNL: Within Normal Limits

Within normal limits (WNL) means that the results are within the range of what is considered normal


ZIFT:  Zygote Intra-fallopian Transfer

Zygote intra-fallopian transfer (ZIFT) is an infertility treatment used when a blockage in the fallopian tubes prevents the normal binding of sperm to the egg